Before knowing the various methods of teaching phonics to children, let us know what phonics is.
Phonics is generally coined as methods of educating the relationship between the letters of written language and the sounds of spoken language.
Every child needs to understand the relationship between letters and sounds to read words. Phonics imparts the knowledge of letter recognition, sound recognition, and their associations.
In short, through the teaching process of phonics, children will learn to read, write, speak, and recognize the sounds of the letters of the alphabet and the sounds of the English language.
This Phonics can be taught in a fun and interactive way to your children. Let’s dive into the various methods of teaching phonics.
Most of the phonics programs start with introducing letters and sounds with flashcards. This teaching methodology helps the children to see a letter and then say the sound it represents.
This easy teaching methodology starts with a simple step. First, provide 26 cards to your child, one for each letter; they can have capitals, lowercase letters, or both on them.
Then shuffle the cards in random order. Hold up one card at a time. Ask your kid to say the name of each letter. When your child got more practiced, move on to the letter combination cards.
This simple method can be used to practice letter recognition and sound recognition.
Letter Sounds and Picture Cards
To build letter-sound matches, make a set of picture flashcards that includes at least one picture that starts with each letter of the alphabet.
Then select a group of picture cards to begin the exercise. Choose a set with three initial consonant sounds that are very different. After practicing the starting sounds, you can teach them about the ending sounds.
You can sometimes increase the difficulty by focusing on vowels and combinations. This method will teach your child how to blend individual sounds together to say a whole word.
Filling Squares Method
This method is more fun and interactive way to practice. First, draw a set of empty squares. Each square will represent the sound in the chosen word.
Then say a CVC (consonant, vowel, consonant) word to your child. Here, the vowel appears in the middle of the word and makes the short vowel sound. For instance, cat, hat, sat, etc.
Then ask your child to choose the correct letter for each sound heard. This will help them to reinforce that the letters need to be placed in the correct order to build (make) the given word.
Phonics with Replacing Letters
In this method, you can teach them on how changing a letter can change the entire word. For instance, you can start with a simple word, say, cat, by changing the ending letter to ‘r’ you can change the entire word to car.
This simple play with letter enhances their thinking process and makes them spell the word correctly.
You can also try asking them to choose a new first letter to change the word. Here, a simple word can be taken, ask your children to add a letter at the beginning of the word to frame a new word.
This process can also improve their memory power and concentration highly.
Phonics with Reading
Another best way to educate phonics to your child is by finding a book that specifically supports learning phonics.
At first, read them aloud to your child often. Make reading a genuine part of your daily routine together. Let your kid pick the book they’d like to read.
Re-read the books again and again until once your child starts reading those books all on their own. During this reading process ask lots of questions and correct them instantly if they make any mistakes.
This habit of making them read not only helps them to teach phonics but it will also inculcate the habit of book reading to them as they grow.
Teaching phonics to your child at a very young age helps them to understand the logic behind alphabets and letters and in turn cultivates reading and writing habits highly.
So, start teaching phonics to your child by adopting any one of the above methods.